Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.

Author: Meztira Malajar
Country: Laos
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 18 June 2018
Pages: 271
PDF File Size: 16.68 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.79 Mb
ISBN: 506-5-94162-202-6
Downloads: 98705
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazuzragore

Compounds with a higher antimalarial activity include: Gram-scale isolation of isobrucein B and neosergeolide from Picrolemma spruce hook. Anti-ulcerogenic properties of Quassia amara L.

Among the alkaloids isolated from the different genera of the Simaroubaceae family Chart 1the canthines deserve simaroubaaceae attention.

Antimalarial Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium falciparum resistant to chloroquine. Chemical constituents ; Simaba; Simarouba; Simaroubaceae; Quassia. Anti-hiv activity of quassinoids.

This translocation is supported by the fact that Picramnia and Alvaradoa are phytochemically characterized by a vast presence of anthraquinones and anthracenic famolia in comparison to quassinoids, the taxonomic markers of the Simaroubaceae family Diaz et al. The first isolated and identified quassinoids were quassin 6 and neoquassin 7from Quassia amara; the isolation was done in by Clark in the ‘s. Feeding deterrent and insecticide activity Many quassinoids have been deemed the responsible agents for alterations in feeding behaviour and growth regulation of insects Govindachari et al.

Canthinones from Simaba cuspidate. Canthinone alkaloids and terpenoids can also elicit this kind of activity Rivero-Cruz et al. The anti-inflammatory activity of a seterterpene lactone, two neolignans and a flavonol of Picrasma quassioides was proven Jiao et al.


Although the chemical and pharmacological potential sjmaroubaceae Simaroubaceae family as well as its participation in official compendia; such as British, German, French and Brazilian pharmacopoeias, and patent registration, many of its species have not been studied yet.

However, the search for new natural sources of more potent and less toxic quassinoids, and the structural modification of previously known compounds to lower their toxicity, constitute interesting alternatives for the development of anticancer drugs Guo et al. Quassinoids from Picrasma javanica. The major metabolites related to the antitumoral activity of several species include quassinoids and alkaloids Rivero-Cruz et al. Standardized quassinoidrich Eurycoma longifolia extract improved spermatogenesis and fertility in male rats via the hypothalamic-pituitarygonadal axis.

Systematic anatomy of the wood of the Ssimaroubaceae. Kundu and Laskar reported 91 terpenoids in eight species of the genus Ailanthus, which predominantly included quassinoids.

Ailanthus vilmoriniana

Brucea ntin is the main compound studied due to its noted antileukemic simaroubaceea, which has enabled its use in clinical tests at the United States National Cancer Institute Polonsky famila al. Use of Simarouba amara extract for reducing patchy skin pigmentation. Furthermore, the structural elucidation was successful until the beginning of the ‘s, when Valenta and collaborators were able to apply novel techniques, such as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NMR.

Constituents of Simarouba versicolor. Simalikalactone D is responsible for the antimalarial properties of an amazonian traditional remedy made with Quassia amara L.

Eurycoma longifolia, stimulated the increase in spermatogenesis and fertility in rats Low et al. This class of secondary metabolites has been largely reported in the literature for numerous genera of Simaroubaceae, like Quassia, Brucea, Picramnia Castela, Simarouba and Ailanthus Chart 1.


New antiulcer quassinoids from Eurycroma longifolia. Canthinones have been reported to have a large array of activities, such as antiviral, cytotoxic, antiparasitic, antibacterial, high pro-inflammatory cytokines reducer, among others Showalter, Structures of shinjulactones F, I, J and K.

Surianeae, Eusimaroubeae and Picramnieae, taking into account the nature of the carpels and styles, as well as the number of ovules. Structures of shinjulactones B, D and E. Chaparrin from Castela nicholsoni.

Los granos de polen de simaroubaceae. Quassinoid bitter principles II.

Simaroubaceae family: botany, chemical composition and biological activities

Indole alkaloids and simaroubaxeae from Quassia africana. Chemogeographical evolution of quassinoids in Simaroubaceae. On the other hand, Quassia amara showed antifertilizing properties Toma et al. Quassin, as well as simalikalactone D, bruceantine, glaucarubinone and isobrucein, has been proven to be an effective aphid antifeedant agent against the Mexican bean beetle Epilachna varivestisthe diamondback moth Plutella xylostela and the south caterpillar Daido et al.

Planchon was the first one to propose an intrafamily classification, based on the ovary nature free or connatenumber of ovules, type of embryo, faimlia of filament and number of stamen and petals.