Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.
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Mar 27, z added it. But We must remind you here of an important truth: It is a magnificent work that they are doing, and Amter are most happy to take this occasion of giving it the praise that it deserves. It is therefore necessary, for reasons of the common good, for public authorities to evolve a special credit policy and to form credit banks which will guarantee such capital to farmers at a moderate rate of interest. The document mentions the following changes in the world since then:.
Encíclica Mater et magistra by cesar rodriguez on Prezi
It is a source of profound satisfaction to Us to see the prominent part which is being played by Catholic citizens of the less wealthy countries in the economic and social development of their own State.
In the first place, considerable thought must be given, especially by public authorities, to the suitable development of essential facilities in country areas—such as roads; transportation; means of communication; drinking water; houseing; health services; elementary, technical and professional education; religious and recreational facilities; and the supply of modern installations and furnishings for the farm residence.
All such reforms should correspond as nearly as possible with those introduced in industry and the various services. We know that as an economy develops, the number of people engaged in agriculture decreases, while the percentage employed in industry and the various services rises.
Mater et magistra begins by praising three earlier papal documents on social topics and summarizing their key points. It was clear, for example, that unregulated competition had succumbed to its own inherent tendencies to the point of practically destroying itself.
Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress
They are necessary, finally, if farm workers are to have their proper voice in political circles and in public administration. She is mother enough ett befriend such projects with her prayers. On the contrary, it must do all in its power to promote the production of a sufficient supply of material goods, “the use of which is necessary for the practice of virtue.
They must instill in them an unshakable confidence in Divine Providence and a determination to accept the inescapable sacrifices and hardships involved in so noble and important a task as the co-operation with God in the transmitting of human life and magistrra bringing up of children. Magisrta the attainment of this end nothing magisstra be more effective than those principles and that supernatural aid which the Church mate. They opened out new horizons for the activity of the universal Church, and the Supreme Shepherd, by giving expression to the hardships and sufferings and aspirations of the lowly and oppressed, made himself the champion and restorer of their rights.
That is necessarily so, for men are by nature social beings. On Pentecost Sunday, June 1st,he broadcast his message “to call to the attention of the Catholic world a memory worthy of being written in letters of gold on the Church’s Calendar: Work, which is the immediate expression of a human personality, must marer be rated higher than the possession of external goods which of their very nature are merely instrumental.
After all this scientific and technical progress, and even because of it, the problem remains: Not to mention other ways, it is especially desirable today that workers gradually come to share in the ownership of their company, by ways and in the manner that seem most suitable.
An outstanding instance of this social teaching and action carried on by the Church magisstra the ages is undoubtedly that magnificent encyclical on the christianizing of the conditions of the working classes, Rerum Novarumpublished seventy years ago by Our Predecessor, Leo XlIl. Here We consider it appropriate to say something about artisan and co-operative enterprises.
We would observe, finally, that the present demand for workers to have a greater say in the conduct of the firm accords not only with man’s nature, but also with recent progress in the economic, social and political spheres.
Nearly every country, therefore, is faced with this fundamental problem: In the social field we have the development of social insurance and, in the more economically advanced communities, the magisttra of social security systems. It must be spread by every modern means at our disposal: Necessity, therefore, and justice demand that all such technical and financial aid be given without thought of domination, but rather for the purpose of helping the less developed nations to achieve their own economic and social enciclic.
We therefore consider it Our duty to reaffirm that the remuneration of work is not something that can be left to the laws of the marketplace; nor should it be a decision left to the will of the more powerful.
He demands, therefore, a moral and religious order; and it is this order—and not considerations of a purely extraneous, material order—which has the greatest validity in the solution of problems relating to his life as an individual and as a member of society, and problems concerning individual states and their inter-relations.
And another thing happening today is that people are aiming at proficiency in their trade or profession rather than the acquisition of private property.
This teaching rests on one basic principle: Enterprises relating to other sectors of the economy might also be established there. Among these there is the desire to escape from confining surroundings which offer little prospect of a more comfortable way of life. And where the same law of justice is not adhered to by all, men cannot hope to come to open and full agreement on vital issues.
But in the twenty years which have elapsed since the changing economic climate noted at that time by Pius XII the economic scene has undergone a radical transformation, both in the internal structure of the various States and in their relations with one another. Hence, though the Church’s first care must be for souls, how she can sanctify them and make them share in the gifts of heaven, she concerns herself too with the exigencies of man’s daily life, with his livelihood and education, and his general, temporal welfare and prosperity.
All this serves to create an environment in which workers are encouraged to assume greater responsibility in their own sphere of employment. It is Our prerogative to be a Father, and there is a special place in Our thoughts and in Our heart for those professional groups and Christian associations of workers which exist and operate in so many parts of the world. It is nothing less than an outrage to justice and humanity to destroy or to squander goods that other people need for their very lives.
Yes, both sides speak of justice and the demands of justice, but these words frequently take on different or opposite meanings according to which side uses them.
Hence every economic system must permit and facilitate the free development of productive activity. As We pass all this in review, We are aware of Our responsibility to take up this torch which Our great predecessors lighted, and hand it on with undiminished flame. These are the three stages that are usually expressed in the three terms: It must not be the special interests of individuals or groups, nor unregulated competition, economic despotism, national prestige or imperialism, nor any other aim of this sort.
Jun 23, Marie rated it it was amazing Shelves: In the large concerns themselves there should be the possibility of moderating the contract of work by one of jater.