Eimeria is a genus of apicomplexan parasites that includes various species capable of causing .. mice (M. musculus) Eimeria weybridgensis – sheep (O. aries) Eimeria wobati – southern hairy-nosed wombat (L. latifrons) Eimeria zuernii – cattle (B. taurus). Eimeria zuernii is a species of the parasite Eimeria that causes diarrheic disease known as eimeriosis in cattle (Bos taurus), and mainly affects younger animals. Coccidiosis is usually an acute invasion and destruction of intestinal mucosa by protozoa of the genera Eimeria or Isospora. Clinical signs include diarrhea.
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Eimeria zuernii Scientific classification Domain: Coccidian parasites form three developmental stages: Outbreaks can generally be controlled by management practices based around improving hygiene, reducing crowding, removing contaminated rimeria and isolating infected individuals.
Eimeria – Wikipedia
The most prevalent species of Eimeria that cause coccidiosis in cattle are E. Species of this genus infect a wide variety of hosts. An infected host releases oocysts into the environment in their unsporulated form.
Abstract The pathogenesis of the lesions caused by Eimeria zuernii in calves is described. There is a growing problem of drug resistanceas well as possible drug residues in the meat once the animal is butchered.
There are three sequential stages in the parasite life-cycle: Development of Eimeria auburnensis in cell cultures. Infection with Eimeria results in life-long immunity to that particular parasite species, but does not give cross protection against other species.
Dinokaryota Xuernii a theca: Veterinary Protozoology Eimfria ed.
Certain species, however, are highly pathogenic and cause catarrhalic or haemorrhagic enteritis by severe erosion of the mucosal membranes through cell lysis resulting in profuse watery-to-bloody diarrhoea.
This results in the recognition of, and attachment to host cell receptors.
The second generation of schizonts target epithelial cells in the cecum and colon. Researchers are eimerja attempting to develop recombinant subcellular vaccines. Eimeria aurati – goldfish Carassius auratus Eimeria baueri – crucian carp Carassius carassius Eimeria lepidosirenis – South American lungfish Lepidosiren paradoxa Eimeria leucisci – common barbel Barbus barbus bocagei Eimeria rutili – European chub Leuciscus cephalus cabedaIberian nase Chondrostoma polylepis polylepis Eimeria vanasi – blue tilapia Oreochromis aureus.
University zuerhii New Mexico. This process is known as gliding motilitywhich is conserved across all species of Apicomplexa. Retrieved November 8, The time from ingestion of the parasite to the first signs of disease prepatent period is days.
Allen Press Protista unicellular eukaryotes Apicomplexa cells with cluster of organelles known as apical complex Coccidea gamonts small and intracellular, form small resistant spores called oocysts Eimeriida gametes develop independently without syzygy; known as coccidian parasites Family: These contain a multi-layered cell wall making them highly resistant to environmental pressures.
However, in heavy infections, it may only eimerria two weeks for many intestinal epithelial cells to be infected with either Eimeria meronts or gametocytes. Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Eimeriidae in a red-capped parrot Purpureicephalus spuriusKuhl, in Western Australia”. The pathogenesis of the lesions caused by Eimeria zuernii in calves is described. Gemmocystidae Gemmocystis Rhytidocystidae Rhytidocystis.
Regrettably, there are mounting problems being encountered with drug resistance amongst many coccidian species, especially that against synthetic drugs which tends to persist within parasite populations. Following the initial infection with an Eimeria species the animal usually is protected by immunity to that species, and is less likely to develop disease.
Eimeria lamae Eimeria langebarteli Eimeria larimerensis Eimeria lateralis Eimeria laureleus Eimeria lepidosirenis Eimeria leucisci Eimeria ludoviciani Eimeria macusaniensis Eimeria magnalabia Eimeria marconii Eimeria maxima Eimeria melanuri Eimeria meleagridis Eimeria menzbieri Eimeria micropteri Eimeria minasensis Eimeria mitis Eimeria monacis Eimeria morainensis Eimeria moronei Eimeria mulardi Eimeria muta Eimeria myoxi Eimeria myoxocephali Eimeria natricis Eimeria necatrix Eimeria neitzi Eimeria nieschulzi Eimeria nigricani Eimeria nocens Eimeria nyroca Eimeria ojastii Eimeria ojibwana Eimeria onychomysis Eimeria oryzomysi Eimeria oryxae Eimeria os Eimeria osmeri Eimeria ovata Eimeria ovinoidalis Eimeria palustris Eimeria papillata Eimeria parvula Eimeria pigra Eimeria pilarensis Eimeria pileata Eimeria pipistrellus Eimeria phocae.
After the oocyst hatch in the gut of the animal it releases 8 zoites that undergo two asexual cycles schizogony. Development of first-generation schizonts of Eimeria bovis in cultured bovine cells.
Archived from the original on 4 October The species in this genus are tetrasporocystic, dizoic, possess Stieda bodies, and undergo merogony and gametogony on the lumenal surface of the intestinal tract.
Each nucleus develops into a merozoite. A preliminary multi-gene and multi-genome approach”. Many genera are recognized on the basis of oocyst configuration the number of sporocysts per oocyst, and the number of sporozoites per sporocyst.
Eimeria acervulina – chicken Gallus gallus domesticus Eimeria adenoeides – turkey Meleagris gallopavo Eimeria brunetti – chicken G. The species in this genus is tetrasporocystic and dizoic, and have dodecahedral sporocysts composed of two hexagonal, pyrimidal valves joined at their bases by a suture.
The second generation of schizonts undergo a sexual cycle gametogony which is also the time when clinical signs of the disease can be observed.