Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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Stylosanthes capitataS. Tripping of flowers, centrksema by large insects such as bumblebees, is required for seed-setting. Grasses suitable for association with C.

None of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C. It tolerates moderate shade. Evidence of considerable outcrossing has been observed in C. Views Read View source View history. Stem pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base.

Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported. When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C.

Insects may eat leaves, especially during dry periods. Pasturas Tropicales13 Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn. This page was last modified on 28 Aprilat Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed.

By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing.


Centrosema macrocarpum

Tripping of flowers ccentrosema large insects required for pod set. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia. Despite the legume’s adaptation to moderately fertile maacrocarpum infertile soils, it responds well to maintenance fertilization with these nutrients.

It is suitable for cut-and-carry systems and can also be used as ground cover in plantation agriculture. Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt. The main use of C. Its potential seems to be greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement.

Biology, Agronomyand Utilization. This is a consequence of the tripping of flowers by bumblebees which also transfer pollen. Seeds transversely oblong to rectangular, on average 5 mm x 3 mm, yellowish-brownish or black, plain, mottled or marbled. With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed at Quilichao, Colombia.

There are several groups of distinct C. Stems pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base.

Centrosema macrocarpum (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Macrodarpum account. It is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends to decline under intensive grazing. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C.

Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary centrosemxpod, and trifoliolate leaf. See Terms of Use for details.


In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements. Warm season growth only. Cookies help us deliver our services. As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before.

Scientific name

Grazed pastures in mixture with grasses, macorcarpum legume -only protein banks, cut-and-carry, and soil cover in orchards and plantations. As yet, no cultivar has been released.

The legume grows well on a range of soils, provided they are centrodema drained, but preferably on medium-textured centrossma. Pod linear, compressed, up to 30 cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, dehiscent.

Flower and immature pods. In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams.

Because of its adaptation cwntrosema acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C. Because of the large degree of outcrossing, plant populations within a given ecotype can show considerable variation. Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3.