call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations. Honestly at this time, ccnaa people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time.

Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision. Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a voiice and not just set it up.

The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting. So what was added?

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam.


This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so vlice other articles state the first exam was Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam. First we will look 460-641 the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much.


However, this left a glaring hole for those who ccba to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking. It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision.

Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes.

So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. Do you remember what a MAU was?

Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. Access-Lists — General access-list configuration was covered. About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track.

We will see that evolve later. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers.

There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years.

Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam ccn the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer. So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career. Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the ccnq of 460–461 exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.


The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate voiice. Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches.

Cisco Router voicr Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? The two exam option 460-41 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option. Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? Good times though back then. Got to conserve those IPs! Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam. Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification.

Cvna there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS Well, that is what they were selling at the time.

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Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering. ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits.

Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. ISDN — Remember the days of ccnq how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. Security Device Manager SDM — Which was voide grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line.